Effects of Different Rates of Compost Application on Methane Emission and Crop Yield in Aman Rice

Md. Shahadat Hossen, Mst. Nasrin Islam, Md. Rashidul Alamand, Md. Abdul Baten


An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of organic fertilizer rate on CH4 emission and yield of Aman rice in the experimental field of Environmental Science at Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during July to November, 2013. The study was conducted with six treatments of recommended doses of inorganic fertilizer, compost @ 10 t ha-1, 20 t ha-1, 30 t ha-1, 50 t ha-1 and control (without fertilizer). Air samples were collected by the modified closed-chamber method and analyzed by gas chromatograph equipped with a Flame Ionization Detector (FID). CH4 emission was influenced by compost fertilizer application rate. The highest CH4 emission (1655.71kg ha-1) and the lowest CH4 emission (789.12kg ha-1) was found from control plot. Compost fertilizer application significantly affected the plant yield contributing parameters. The highest grain yield (5.8 t ha-1) and biological yield (13.37 t ha-1) were found from 20 t ha-1. The highest tiller hill-1(16.31) and harvest index (43.94) were found from compost @ 50 t ha-1 (T6). The lowest effective tiller hill-1(10.07), panicle length (10.03 cm), grain yield (4.51 t ha-1) and biological yield (11.58 t ha-1) were found from control plot. In respect of rice yield and methane emission, compost @ 20 t ha-1(T4) was found better than other treatment.


Compost, methane, rice, gas chromatography, FID

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