Effects of Different Rates of Compost Application on Methane Emission and Crop Yield in Aman Rice
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of organic fertilizer rate on CH4 emission and yield of Aman rice in the experimental field of Environmental Science at Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during July to November, 2013. The study was conducted with six treatments of recommended doses of inorganic fertilizer, compost @ 10 t ha-1, 20 t ha-1, 30 t ha-1, 50 t ha-1 and control (without fertilizer). Air samples were collected by the modified closed-chamber method and analyzed by gas chromatograph equipped with a Flame Ionization Detector (FID). CH4 emission was influenced by compost fertilizer application rate. The highest CH4 emission (1655.71kg ha-1) and the lowest CH4 emission (789.12kg ha-1) was found from control plot. Compost fertilizer application significantly affected the plant yield contributing parameters. The highest grain yield (5.8 t ha-1) and biological yield (13.37 t ha-1) were found from 20 t ha-1. The highest tiller hill-1(16.31) and harvest index (43.94) were found from compost @ 50 t ha-1 (T6). The lowest effective tiller hill-1(10.07), panicle length (10.03 cm), grain yield (4.51 t ha-1) and biological yield (11.58 t ha-1) were found from control plot. In respect of rice yield and methane emission, compost @ 20 t ha-1(T4) was found better than other treatment.
Abedin, M. J., Rouf, M. A., Rashid, M. H. and Eaqub, M. (1999). Residual effects of TSP and Farmyard manure under renewed application of urea on the yield of crop and some chemical properties of soil. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. vol. 10(2), 100-109.
Angelova, V. R., Akova, V. I., Artinova, N. S. and Ivanov, K. I. (2013). The Effect of Organic Amendments on Soil Chemical Characteristics. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19, (5), 958-971.
Atiyeh, R. M., Lee Edward, C. A., Sulbar S. and Metzger, T. (2001). Pig manure vermicompost as a component of a horticultural bedding plant medium. Effects on physiochemical properties and plant growth. Bioresource Technology, 78, 11-20.
Babu, S., Marimuthu, R., Manivanna, V., and Kumer, S.R. (2001). Effect of organic and inorganic manures on growth and yield of rice. Agricultural Science Digest, 21 (4), 232-234.
Bronson, K. F., Neue, H. U., Abao E. B. and Singh, U. (1997). Automated Chamber measurements of methane and nitrous oxide flux in a flooded rice soil: I. Residue, Nitrogen and Water Management. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 61, 981-87.
Chander, S. and Pandey, J. (1996). Effect of herbicide and nitrogen on yield of scented rice (Oryza sativa) under different rice cultures. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 41 (2), 209-214.
Civeira, G. (2010). Influence of municipal solid waste compost on soil properties and plant reestablishment in peri-urban environments. Chilean journal of agricultural research, 70 (3), 446-453.
Denier, H. A. C. (2000). Changes in CH4 emission from rice fields from 1960 to 1990s: 1. The declining use of organic inputs in rice farming, Global Biogeochemical Cycles vol. 13, pp. 1053-1062. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99, 12021-1202.
Fageria, N. K., Moreira, A., and Coelho, A. M. (2011). Yield and yield components of upland rice as influenced by nitrogen sources. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 34, 361–370.
Gumma, M. K., Nelson, A., Maunahan, A., Thenkabail, P. S. and Islam, S. (2012). Rice cropping patterns in Bangladesh. Rice Today Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 6,
Haque, M. Q., Rahman, M. H., Fokrul, I., Rijmpa, J. and Kadir, M. M. (2001). Integrated nutrient management in relation of soil fertility and yield sustainability under Wheat- Mung-T. aman cropping pattern. J. Bio. Sci.,1(8), 731-734.
Hossen, M. S., Mano, M., Miyata, A., Baten, M. A. and Hiyama, T. (2012). Surface energy partitioning and evapotranspiration over a double-cropping paddy field in Bangladesh. Hydrological Processes, 26(9), 1311-20.
IPCC, Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate change 2007: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Jahangir, A. (2012). Effect of organic amendments on methane emission and rice productivity at Bangladesh Agricultural University farm, M.S. thesis, Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, 41-43.
KhaliI, M. and Shearer, M. J. (2000). Sources of methane: an overview. In Khalil M. (Ed.), Atmospheric Methane: It’s Role in the Global Environment, Springer Verlag, L., New York, pp: 98-111.
Khan, M. A., Reza, M. O. H., Khan, M. T. and Ali, M. A. (2015). Effect of Irrigation Water Management Practices and Rice Cultivars on Methane (CH4) Emission and Rice Productivity. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 10 (2), 516-534.
Kroeze, C., Mosier, A. R. and Bouwman, A. F. (1999). Closing the global N2O budget: A retrospective analysis 1500–1994. Global Biogeochemcal. Cycles, 13, 1–8.
McLean, E.O. (1982). Soil pH and lime requirements. In: Page, A.L., et al. (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, 2nd Edition. Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, 9, 199-244.
Olivier, J. G. J., Bouwman, A. F., van der Hoek, K. W. and Berdowski, J. J. M. (1998). Global air emission inventories for anthropogenic sources of NOx, NH3 and N2O in 1990, Environmental Pollution. 102, 135–148.
Sarwar, G. N., Hussain, F., Mujeeb, H. and Hassan, G. (2003). Biocompost application for the improvement of soil characteristics and dry matter yield of Lolium perenne (Grass). Asian Journal of Plant Science, 2(2), 237-241.
Sass, R. L., Fisher, F. M., Harcombe P. R. and Turner, F.T. (1990). Methane production and emission in a Texas rice field. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 4, 47-68.
Singh, S. K., Ram, U. S., and Urkurkar, J. S. (2010). Effect of chemical fertilizers and integrated nutrient management practices on growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Inceptisol. Environmental Ecology, 28(4), 2235-2237.
Tognetti, C., Mazzarino, M. J. and Laos. F. (2007). Improving the quality of municipal organic waste compost. Bioresource Technology, 98, 1067-1076.
UNDP and FAO, Land Resources Appraisal of Bangladesh of Agricultural Development. (1988). Report No. 2. Agro-ecological regions of Bangladesh. United Nations Development Programme and Food and Agriculture Organization. 212–22.
Walkley A. and Black, I. A. (1934). An Examination of the Degtjareff Method for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science, 37, 29-38.
Wassmann, I., Neue, H. U. L., Lantil, R. S., V.Buendia, L., Corton, T. M. and Lu, Y. (2000). Characterization of methane emission from rice field in Asia Mitigation options and the research needs. Nub-lent Cycling and Agro ecosystem, 58, 23-36.
Yagi, K. and Minami, K. (1990). Effects of organic matter application on methane emission from some Japanese paddy fields. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 36, 599-610.
Yang, S. S. and Chang, H. L. (1999). Diurnal variation of methane emission from paddy ﬁelds at different growth stages of rice cultivation in Taiwan, Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 76, 75–84.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2015 The Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.