Assessments of Poverty Profile and Income Inequality in North Kordofan State, Sudan.
This study was carried out in North Kordofan state The aim of the study are: To establish poverty lines indicators, poverty profiles and income inequality in the rural household focusing on the traditional farms and to identify the main causes of poverty of the poor rural tenants in traditional farms. Structured questionnaire using stratified sampling technique was used to gather households' poverty data from four localities in North Kordofan State, a total of 205 households were interviewed. Different analytical methods were used, namely: The Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) is a generalized measure of poverty within an economy. It combines information on the extent of poverty (as measured by the Headcount ratio, the intensity of poverty (as measured by the total poverty Gap) and inequality among the poor (as measured by the Gini and the coefficient of variation for the poor).
The results show that about 68.8% of households’ in north Kordofan state were poor living below the poverty line, 9.2% are moderate and 22% are non-poor if US$ 1 index is applied. The poverty incidence was high in Elkhowi (75%) followed by Elnohoud (71.4%), Umrwaba (70%) and Sheikan locality (65%).V
(1) Amaza, P.S., Y. Bila, and A.C. Iheanacho. (2006). Identification of factors that influence the technical efficiency of food crop production in West Africa: empirical evidence from Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics 107: 137–145.
(2) Dercon, S. and P. Krishnan. (1998). Changes in Poverty in Rural Ethiopia 1989–1995: Measurement Robustness Test and Decomposition”.Centre for the Study of African Economics Working Paper Series 98–7.
(3) Etim, N.A and G.E. Edet. (2007). Determinants of Poverty Among Peri Urban Farming Households in Uyo Nigeria. Nigerian J. Agric. Food Environ, 5: 39–43.
(4) FAO. (2004). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Monitoring progress toward the world food submit and Millennium Development Goals. Rome.
(5) FOS. (1999). Poverty and Agricultural in Nigeria. Federal Office of Statistics, Abuja, Nigeria.
(6) Geda, A., N. Jong, M. Kimenyi, and G. Mwabu. (2005). Determinants of poverty in Kenya: A households’ level analysis. Working Paper 2005–44, Department of Economics Working Paper Series, University of Connecticut.
(7) IFAD. (2010). Rural Poverty in Sudan.
(8) Khan, M.H. (2009). Governance, growth and poverty reduction, Working Paper, No.75.
(9) Lord, S. A. (1993). Social Welfare and the Feminization of Poverty, New York, Garland.
(10) Nsikakabasi, A. Etim and Obasi O. Ukoha. (2010). Analysis of Poverty Profile of Rural Households, Evidence from South-South Nigeria, Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, ISSN Print: 1813–2235.
(11) Sen A. (1976). Poverty An Ordinal Approach to Measurement, Econometrica, 44:2:219-231.
(12) WFP. (2010). Emergency Food Security Assessment, North Kordofan, Sudan.
(13) World Bank. (1996). World Development Report, Washington DC.
(14) World Bank. (2002). Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management. Policy Challenges and Opportunities.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2015 The Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.